Electric cars are powered by electric motors that run on battery packs. In most cases, the batteries are rechargeable and can be recharged through standard power outlets. When it comes to overall energy efficiency, the electric car beats out conventional engines as electric cars can reach energy efficiency up to 80% compared to 20-25% from conventional engines. The electric car’s engine provides linear power and upon pressing the acceleration you can experience a gush of torque that is instantaneous and provides the car with a smooth rate of acceleration with zero delay.
Electric cars became commercially available when the market saw a decline in the gasoline supply and when the demand grew for an alternative form of transportation to combat the energy crisis. For a while though, the market was having success with cars that didn’t use as much gasoline and so internal combustion engine overshadowed the electric cars. Now, with our environment being broken down into bits and pieces and fossil fuel deposits fast depleting, there is an obvious need for an alternative so electric cars are again being revived. The governments of most countries are unanimous in this decision and subsidies are being provided to people who buy and use electric cars.
Electric cars have several benefits over conventional internal combustion engines. They are almost three times as efficient, provide instantaneous power to the wheels, are quiet and therefore doesn’t cause sound pollution. They don’t burn any fuel so there is no carbon footprint. They run on renewable sources of energy therefore they don’t threaten to deplete the planet’s limited reserves.
Nothing is absolutely perfect so there are a couple of drawbacks to electric cars as well. The battery packs and replacing them can be quite expensive. Another drawback is that they have limited range. Electric cars can’t go into a fuel station to get refills and then keep on going. They need to find an electric supply and charge for a considerable amount of time to recharge it’s batteries and run again. This can be seen as an inconvenience because it’s not always easy to find power outlets and the recharging can also take a considerable amount of time. But many companies have found solutions for these problems which, though don’t solve the problems completely, provide solutions which are functional until further research and development provides a foolproof solution.
Today, as we look at the present automobile scenario, we find that all the automotive giants around the world have realized the situation and after proper analysis of their target market have started to provide products according to what their customers want. Though these products vary a lot in comparison to their rivals, there is one inherent property that applies to all. They all use electricity and are targeting increased efficiency at a lower cost and minimal harm to the environment. You can find almost fifty different models of electric cars created by a bevy of companies that are being offered to suit the varying needs of different customers. Companies like Tesla and Nissan have plans to increase their electric car customer base to millions within the next couple of years and other companies are catching up fast.
Electric cars were initially planned to be daily city commuters. Unable to accelerate at great speeds and designed only for commuting a few blocks and taking you to work and the supermarket was something these cars were tailored for. The cars did their job efficiently, but most people didn’t like the idea of buying another vehicle for long drives and long distance journeys. Therefore, engineering did its job and now we have high speed cars with high capacity power packs providing enough juice to drive hundreds of miles.